By Eugene Toy, Gary C. Rosenfeld, David Loose, David S. Briscoe
REAL-LIFE medical circumstances FOR the fundamental SCIENCES AND USMLE STEP 1
Experience with scientific circumstances is vital to excelling at the USMLE Step 1 and shelf assessments, and finally to supplying sufferers with useful medical care. Case documents: Pharmacology presents fifty six true-to-life clinicalcases that illustrate crucial strategies in pharmacology. every one case comprises an easy-to-understand dialogue correlated to key uncomplicated technological know-how suggestions, definitions of keywords, pharmacology pearls, and USMLE-style evaluation questions.
With Case records, you'll research rather than memorize.
• study from fifty six high-yield instances, each one with board-style questions
• grasp key thoughts with medical pearls
• Polish your method of medical difficulties and to sufferer care
• Maximize your board ratings with the confirmed Case documents system
Read or Download Case Files Pharmacology (3rd Edition) PDF
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Additional resources for Case Files Pharmacology (3rd Edition)
The medial pterygoid plates give origin to the fascia and muscle of the wall of the nasopharynx, providing continuity between the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx. The roof is formed from anterior to posterior by the nasal, frontal (9), cribriform plate of ethmoid (10) and sphenoid (11) bones. The ﬂoor is formed by the maxilla (12) and horizontal plate of palatine (13). This horizontal, hard palate separates nasal and oral cavities. Nasogastric tubes must be passed horizontally backward, parallel to the ﬂoor of the cavity.
The skin is ﬁrmly bound to the underlying bone and cartilage and therefore, inﬂammation is painful. Ceruminous glands (modiﬁed sweat glands) secrete wax, which may block the meatus. When using an auriscope, gently drawing the auricle upward and backward tends to straighten the meatus. The tympanic membrane is oval in shape, slopes inferomedially, and bulges inward toward the middle ear, the umbo being the point of maximal convexity. There is an upper, ﬂaccid part, but the remainder is tense. The malleus attaches to its inner surface.
The crista galli (17) gives attachment to the falx cerebri. The foramina in the cribriform plate (18) transmit the olfactory nerves. The foramen caecum (19) transmits an emissary vein that may allow spread of infection from outside the skull to inside, which can result in cerebral abscess formation. As cranial nerves leave the skull they carry with them short extensions of the meninges that cover the brain. Such extensions anchor the olfactory nerves (I) to the cribriform plate. However, the brain and olfactory tracts are able to move within the skull.