By Luke Timothy Johnson
The letter of James has loved a colourful heritage, with its historical past and value broadly debated over the centuries. during this ebook an excellent pupil of the recent testomony bargains new and chosen experiences of James that express its roots in antiquity and its significance for Christian background and theology. / Luke Timothy Johnson explores the letter of James from a number of views. After a normal advent to James, he seems at its historical past of interpretation. Johnson then examines James's social and old scenario, its position inside of Scripture, and its use of the sayings of Jesus. numerous exegetical reviews take care to put James within the context of Hellenistic ethical discourse. concluding essays examine the topics of friendship and gender in James. / whereas doubtless of curiosity simply to execs, Johnson's Brother of Jesus, pal of God can be available to common readers fascinated about religious study, and church teams will locate this quantity to be a fruitful access into a big part of the hot testomony.
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Additional info for Brother of Jesus, Friend of God: Studies in the Letter of James
But perhaps all three Christian moralists used common paraenetic traditions. Allusions to James in other extant writings of the second and third centuries are wen more difficult to decide. None is sufticiently definite to demand James as the source. The Alexandrian School under Clement and Origen gave the letter its first explicit literary attention. Clement named James among the found, ers of Christian Gnosis (Hist. eccl. 3-4) in his H ~ p o ~ p s eascommentary on "all the canonical scriprures," including the disputed ones (Hist.
James's positive statements about God assert God's powerful presence to creation and humanity. God has done so by creating humans in God's own image (39). James" God is not distant and uninvolved uith creation. " God does nor leave humans with only a verbal norm. The word of truth is also an "implanted word" that is able to save their souls/lives @sychos, 1:~s). God has made apneuma ("spirit"') to duvll in humans. God is in control of human affairs (4x5) and declares as righteous and as friends those who show faith (z:zj).
He found the reasons for rejecting the letter unconvincing BROTHER O F J E S U S , F R I E N D OF G O D and saw nothing in its teaching unworthy of an apostle. Although ready to accept Erasmus's emendation at 4:2,he scoffed at those who found a fundamental conflict between Paul and James on faith and works. As in all of his commentaries Calvin brought great exegetical skill to the text, anticipating contemporary sensitivity to the rhetorical skill of James as well as systematically reflecting over its religious significance.