By Hideyuki Kanematsu, Dana M. Barry
This e-book explains the formation of biofilm on fabrics surfaces in an business environment. The authors describe new advancements in realizing of biofilm formation, detection, and keep watch over from the point of view of fabrics technology and engineering. The booklet info the variety of concerns brought on by biofilm formation and the diversity of affected industries.
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Additional resources for Biofilm and Materials Science
From within the biofilm, the microorganisms grow protected from the environmental stresses and pressures such as salinity, desiccation, immune response attacks, protozoa ingestion and antimicrobial agents, to name a few. au © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 H. Kanematsu, D. M. 1007/978-3-319-14565-5_5 35 36 J. Chapman Fig. 1 The development of a biofilm and associated microstructures. 1. 1. One of the more important steps in biofilm development resides in the attachment phase where bacteria begin to divide and form microcolonies.
Polymers 3:340– 366 4. Kanematsu H, Ikigai H, Yoshitake M (2009) Evaluation of various metallic coatings on steel to mitigate biofilm formation. Int J Mol Sci 10(2):559–571. 5. Gharechahi M, Moosavi H, Forghani M (2012) Effect of surface roughness and materials composition on biofilm formation. J Biomat Nanobiotechnol 3:541–546. 6. Preedy E, Perni S, Nipiĉ D, Bohinc K, Prokopovich P (2014) Surface roughness mediated adhesion forces between borosilicate glass and gram-positive bacteria. Langmuir 30(31):9466– 9476 7.
Acid–base interactions and the electric double layer interaction decay exponentially from the value at close contact , and calculations have shown that a distance between the interacting surfaces of less than 5 nm is required before acid–base interactions can become operative . 3. Estimation of surface potential of bacterial cells To estimate the height of the energy barrier, ζ-potentials of bacterial cells have been calculated from the electrophoretic mobility (EPM) by using the Smoluchowski equation.