By J. L. Wright
This can be the fourth in a sequence of person courses on Zambian languages and grammar. The goal of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which turned rather in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian govt to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guideline. Kaonde (or extra properly Kikaonde) is spoken within the a part of the North-Western Province of Zambia to the east of the Kabompo River, in adjoining elements of Mumbwa and Kaoma Districts to the south, and within the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo to the North.
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Additional info for An Outline of Kikaonde Grammar
Inencasâgqitha! Imnandi kalhulu! Ijongeka rrtle le keÍki! on d cho,nge in the uedthet Li4iâni tzulu? (lit. ) Ingathi ilâtreâ lithe rrwata. llângâ lilshonil" (the sw hasgonedown). Liyaphola ngoku. Kuyabanalângesa$rphe. Uxolo! (ngohúülirdisâ üesha eltd€) Uxolo! tnd dectire Eìre, entosi. Hâ/, enkosi. Ndingafumânâirilal erincinci qrd? lkomityi enyeyekofi! yâÍêle kum enkosi. Rernatk Apologise Ask hou UYITHANDAN]JANJ IKOFUYAKHO? coÍïee U]túanda njàni ikotu / úi yaklo? Ufura Íbisi neswekil€€koflrd / etiri?
Mê' or 'úe nam€ qlthe boy'_ ln )ftosa, orìÌythe 'ol'consrucrion exisis_ The two nouns(,name'aìd 'boy') âÌe liúk€d by a poss€ssiveconcord which is châÍâcterisedbv rhe ïhis link (rcFesenting 'ol') betweenúe rwo nounschângêsaccoÍting to the pÌefÌx of the fiÌst noun (possessee) ând influencêsrhe pÍefix of rhe secondnoun (possessor)resuÌiingin a sound cltaryc: t-ofisi ilapha el(âpâ. tntwaÍ\a > :''4ádntwâÍa (painringsd/rhe children) ,ieshâ 14+ iti > Ì€ti (tine d/tea i-e. o'. ís', Uphi uDavid? Siphi isibhedlele?
NatrúelelileruÍlight 301 oya el(âpa. Usebenzalulditriki yePrimâryHeâlrtì. empleni ku- + i- kvi- (< ku- + iuíaiki), (< *il- + t-êÌoplêú). Note: 'ÈÌrr is nomrâlly used when dÌe noun is fo[owed by a qualifying pbrase. ' andúe ffnâI vow€l of the noun asfollows: -â> -e> -i> -o> -u> -e'd: -enít -iri: -'ráni: -Ìrrni. ikhâyq > ili2ïrg > ímsebenzi > irtkola > lThek! > BuÍ -u > -int after: f: ikofu ph: idolopbu qkhsycl3li* leúü elizwc4i emsebenzfu! csìktlwc4i gThel$a4! ,D]utban > ekoÍini > edoloph,r,i rr tte colïee at I in / Íôü / to towa Not€: *et\hâyâ > ekìây€rt whenfollowed by a possessive_ g How to apply it I ô9 DeÍive úe appropriate occupations Írom the verbs -akhâ "bhâlâ buiÌd -culâ -fotâ -guqula -lâ$r a -üúâ -phâtba -qeq€sha sing to tâke photos -thengtua -thwala sell(' thenga'= 'buy') fãm parnt,dÍaw Compl€te the dialogüe * Whâi is the EngÌishtranslationof úis occupation?