By Åshild Næss, Even Hovdhaugen
Vaeakau-Taumako, often referred to as Pileni, is a Polynesian Outlier language spoken within the Reef and Duff Islands within the Solomon Islands' Temotu Province. this is often a space of serious linguistic variety and long-standing language touch which has had far-reaching results at the linguistic state of affairs.
Historically, audio system of Vaeakau-Taumako have been shipbuilders and navigators who made exchange voyages through the region, bringing them into consistent touch with audio system of the Reefs-Santa Cruz, Utupua and Vanikoro languages. The latter languages are just distantly with regards to Vaeakau-Taumako, making up an only in the near past pointed out first-order subgroup of Oceanic. Polynesian audio system first arrived within the quarter a few 700-1000 years in the past from the center Polynesian parts to the east. whereas at the present time such a lot intra-group communique happens in Solomon Islands Pijin, routinely the placement was once one among vast multilingualism, and this has left profound strains within the grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako, which indicates a few structural houses no longer recognized from different Polynesian languages.
A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako is the main finished grammar of any Polynesian Outlier thus far, and the 1st full-length grammar of any language of Temotu Province. in keeping with wide fieldwork, it's established as a reference grammar facing all features of language constitution, from phonology to discourse association, and together with a variety of glossed texts. it will likely be of curiosity to typologists, Oceanic linguists, and researchers drawn to language touch.
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Vaeakau-Taumako, sometimes called Pileni, is a Polynesian Outlier language spoken within the Reef and Duff Islands within the Solomon Islands' Temotu Province. this is often a space of serious linguistic variety and long-standing language touch which has had far-reaching results at the linguistic state of affairs. traditionally, audio system of Vaeakau-Taumako have been shipbuilders and navigators who made exchange voyages through the quarter, bringing them into consistent touch with audio system of the Reefs-Santa Cruz, Utupua and Vanikoro languages.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako
A 'personal marker'. e 'agentive preposition'. i 'locative-directional-ablative preposition'. 4 Kalama/dna is NUP. In VAE and TAU klomakina is the usual colloquial form. Vowels 23 All members of the two open lexical classes, nouns and verbs, have one main stress, which falls on the final syllable of the word if this syllable contains a long vowel; otherwise stress is on the penultimate syllable. g. hakamemea [,hakame'mea] 'be pregnant' (haka- 'CAUS'+memea 'child'). Unstressed word-final /if and /u/ may in some cases be devoiced or dropped altogether.
2 below on vowel length and on the question of diphthongs). Most of the forms showing consonant clusters have an alternant where a vowel intervenes between the consonants: batava ["'batava. "'barava. mbrava] 'be nice. be good'. kolomakina [kalomakina. kholomakina. kolomakina. klomakina]" 'forget'. In some instances there is no such alternative form. but in these cases the initial consonant of the cluster may optionally be omitted: knghil [kl)hu:. IJhu:] 'agree'. Monosyllabic lexical roots (nouns and verbs) all have long vowels; in other words the minimal form of a lexical word is V:.
Today, Aiwoo has some 7-8,000 speakers in all, though this number includes settlements on Santa Cruz and in Honiara. As noted above, the physical distance between the Vaeakau-Taumako-speaking islands and the Aiwoospeaking islands is very small. Day-to-day interaction is nevertheless fairly restricted, and many Aiwoo speakers have never visited the VaeakauTaumako-speaking islands. It is more common for Vaeakau-Taumako speakers to travel to the Main Reefs, to visit the trade store on Pigeon Island or buy staple crops from the larger islands.