By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of previous English, quantity 1: Phonology was once a landmark book that during the intervening years has no longer been exceeded in its intensity of scholarship and value to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous e-book of Richard M. Hogg's Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this entire paintings.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of outdated English stories and in linguistic idea
- Takes complete benefit of the Dictionary of OldEnglish venture at Toronto, and contains complete cross-references to the DOE information
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative conception and comparable issues
- Provides fabric the most important for destiny learn either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in old sociolinguistics
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–9):
Chapter 2 Orthography and Phonology (pages 10–51):
Chapter three The Vowels in Germanic (pages 52–65):
Chapter four The Consonants in Germanic (pages 66–73):
Chapter five previous English Vowels (pages 74–213):
Chapter 6 Unstressed Vowels (pages 214–245):
Chapter 7 previous English Consonants (pages 246–300):
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Additional info for A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1
61, 67. 1 Lengthening of consonants is indicated by doubling, for example, 〈dd〉. 1 Some early texts have 〈qu〉 for initial /kw/, for example, EpGl 661 qui¨a ‘womb’. 1 The feature of [voice] was phonologically contrastive for stops and affricates, whilst [length] was contrastive for all classes except approximants, but not necessarily contrastive for all members of each class. At one stage long consonants must have occurred both medially and finally, but by the period of the written texts they only occurred intervocalically over syllable boundaries.
Rather, whatever the dialect or date, there was at most a contrast between, on the one hand, /w/, and, on the other hand, /u/ or /o/ (not both). 2 Kuhn (1961) transcribes [e] and [Ñ] as [v] and [÷] respectively. In the present state of our knowledge the question is largely one of taste. 44 Syllables with secondary stress show a compromise between the behaviour of fully stressed and unstressed vowels. Long vowels are regularly reduced to short vowels and diphthongs are both lowered to ea (< io, eo) and reduced to a.
Examples of /x/ initially and finally are: hors, hros ‘horse’, seah ‘he saw’. Geminate /xx/ is rather infrequent, but examples include hlihhan ‘laugh’, hweohhol ‘wheel’. Naturally no minimal pairs to contrast /x/ and /xx/ can be established. , especially Bede(M), and persists in LVD. Examples include: Bede(M) † Strbaneshalch, CædH(M) 2 maecti, dryctin (2¥), 9 allmecti8, CædH(L) dryctin (2¥). The use of 〈c〉 alone to represent /x/ is much rarer: Bede(M) † Strbnes halc, cf. 10 waelcalo ‘Welsh ale’.