By Nora C. England
This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken at the present time through over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken via 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in keeping with complementary ideas: to research Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to give fabric in this sort of method that the historical past details invaluable for figuring out each one subject of dialogue shall were formerly supplied. for that reason, England's research of the sound process and morphophonemic approaches of Mam is by means of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in studying a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is leading edge, and as a result it's uniquely attention-grabbing either traditionally and theoretically.
Read or Download A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language PDF
Similar foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books
This quantity bargains with linguistic purism in its many realizations. specifically, the articles examine the connection of purism to historic prescriptivism (e. g. the effect of grammarians within the seventeenth and 18th centuries), to nationhood (e. g. the instrumentalising of purism within the standardisation of Afrikaans or Luxembourgish), to fashionable society (e.
Colloquial Somali Is specifically written through an skilled instructor for self-study or category use, the path will give you a step by step method of written and spoken Somali. No past wisdom of the language is needed. What makes ColloquialSomali your best option in own language studying? * interactive - plenty of workouts for normal perform* transparent - concise grammar notes* functional - precious vocabulary and pronunciation consultant* entire - together with resolution key and distinct reference part.
Uncomplicated Indonesian is designed to supply speedy mastery of contemporary Indonesian, that is spoken via greater than 240 million humans. Divided into 28 graded classes, the ebook presents fill-in-the-blank workouts, quizzes, be aware puzzles and question-and-answer practices to augment the educational. wide cultural notes are supplied besides exact pointers on etiquette and acceptable cultural habit within the world's biggest Islamic society.
Vaeakau-Taumako, sometimes called Pileni, is a Polynesian Outlier language spoken within the Reef and Duff Islands within the Solomon Islands' Temotu Province. this can be a space of serious linguistic variety and long-standing language touch which has had far-reaching results at the linguistic state of affairs. traditionally, audio system of Vaeakau-Taumako have been shipbuilders and navigators who made exchange voyages during the zone, bringing them into consistent touch with audio system of the Reefs-Santa Cruz, Utupua and Vanikoro languages.
- Modern Arabic, Revised Edition: Modern Arabic: Structures, Functions, and Varieties
- Le Swahili Sans Peine (French Edition)
- Grammaire en dialogues : Niveau intermédiaire
- ICI 1 Livre de L'Etudiant + CD Audio
- Intermediate Korean: A Grammar and Workbook (Grammar Workbooks)
Additional info for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language
Num- 'tranquil' same form as positional roots add a verbal meaning to the Three derivational suffixes have the specific and restric ted function of deriving stems from positional roots. -1 All the derived forms ~ One, -ch, derives the positional adjective with the meaning 'placed in the position, form, or state described by the root'. b'etzl jilch b'aq- 'wilted' b'aq- 'pull up (plants)' chit- 'broadcast' chit- 'sow broadcast' 'open, divided' jaq- 'uncap, open' jet'- 'placed, small load' jet'- 'carry small loads' 'stretched out, of an animal; 'face up' pak'- 'carry face up' unoccupied, the position, form, or state described by the root' are de rived through the suffix -ee7 txal- Transitive: pak'- Intransitive verbs with the meaning 'be or be placed in tutz'- Positional: 'placed in the position of a toad' of a person who does no community work' paq- basic meaning of the root: jaq- Examples: Transitive verb roots which have the 'lying down' , sitting' 'to one side' ~ -eeb'.
What' 95 I ROOTS AND WORDS 96 ROOTS AND WORDS 'you (familiar between men)' 97 5. A space is left between the two roots in this example CVne q'any eveve b'isan 'soon' but not in the previous example. cvevve joraat 'quickly' writing conventions of native speakers, and perhaps eeV7 kyja7 'like this' This follows the indicates that some compounds are more singly lexemic than others. 6. An NOTES 1. It may seem contrived and over-analytical to analyze at initial~-, xh-, ~-, or ch- is most likely a prefix if it precedes another consonant (4, #1).
It also synthesizes with the compounding directionals -x 'away' and -tz 'toward': go out' k- (3sA) + eela- (go out) + + -x (away) k- + eela- + -1 + -tz + ooka- + -1 + -x The aspects with nologically independent and at times verb or combine with enclitics. The -1 (pot) + -1 + -tz + -x 59 60 KUVH; ANU WORUS ROOTS AND WORDS 'he will go down' k- + kub'a- + -1 + -x kb'e1atz 'he will come down' k- + kub'a- + -1 + -tz is deleted for second person singular of imperatives, as the kaajatz 'he will come back' k- + aaja- + -1 + -tz unmarked imperative.