Category: Russian & Former Soviet Union

Download Britain and the Last Tsar: British Policy and Russia, 1894-1917 PDF

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Spetsnaz or Specnaz (Russian: войска специального назначения - спецназ) or Russian special purpose regiments (Voyska spetsialnogo naznacheniya) A general term for the police or military units within the Russian Federation who engage in special activities. Russia, because of what it was, what it is, where it is and what it has – massive reserves of oil and natural gas, a developed nuclear industry and the world’s only effective strategic triad outside the U.
Read online Russia, Its Neighbours and the Future of European Security (Wilton Park Papers) PDF

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Nevertheless, the Invisible Government through its many tentacles and extraterrestrial elements is a potent adversary, which is highly dangerous. In this context, being deemed "unable to work" (Rus. nerabotosposobnyi, Ukr. nepratsezdatnyi) had negative connotations, and conferred on the individual a standard set of presumed qualities: social (exile), psychological (a loner fixated on one's own misfortune), work (a low-qualified worker of limited skill and intellect), and economic (dependent, pensioner). 19 In a system that is still in place in present-day Russia and Ukraine, in the Soviet Union those categorized as disabled and their dependents were offered several types of material support: pensions for those no longer working due to disability, pensions for survivors of people with disabilities, pension supplements for dependents of unable-to-work individuals, and a range of entitlements such as reduced utility expenses and rent, free or discounted public transportation, and the free provision of technical equipment (i.e. wheelchairs, crutches, hearing aids, specialized vehicles).
Download online Thirteen Days Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company PDF, azw (Kindle)

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Vladimir Putin, who used to work for the KGB, wants to keep oligarchs out of politics (Gumbel 69). There was not even the certainty of knowing whether there was an aircraft available, and delays of up to two days were common. Soon, Comrades and Ayatollahs would note they were in complete agreement, not only about the situation in the Middle East, but also about South Africa, Latin America, East-West disarmament, and especially about “turning the Indian Ocean into a peace zone,” which meant ousting the Americans.
Download Once Upon a Time in Russia: The Rise of the Oligarchs and the Greatest Wealth in History PDF

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By age 30, Dennis was also lecturing on politics. Local police reportedly did not investigate the incident. The Soviet Union was officially established in December 1922 with the union of the Russian, Ukrainian, Byelorussian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics- each ruled by local Bolshevik parties. CrossRef Ziegler, Charles E. 2009. “Russia and the CIS in 2008.” Asian Survey 49(1): 135–145. As director of camps for homeless children, first under the auspices of the Kherson Regional Department of Education, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and later (1927-1935) under those of the Soviet secret political police, Makarenko instituted a demanding and strict - even martial - camp regimen.
Read The Chechens: A Handbook (Caucasus World: Peoples of the Caucasus) PDF

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In the above-quoted article Brzezinski also wrote, in addressing Turkey, that “Regular consultations with Ankara regarding the future of the Caspian Sea basin and Central Asia would foster Turkey’s sense of strategic partnership with the United States. Workers, who won for themselves separate representative sections of the War Industries Committee, used them as organs of political opposition. The Tsars in 1820-1906 killed about 1000 people (Chapters 8 and 11). [The Black Book of Communism] roughly agrees, saying that in 1825-1905, the Tsars executed about 200 people, and in the revolutionary period of 1906-10 the Tsars executed about 3700 people.
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But in the end the parliament in Minsk ratified the treaty on Eurasian Economic Union on 9 October, the day before its first three members – Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan – were due to meet. A set of ideas for diagnosing any negotiation problem, international or local, and identifying alternative strategies and the risks of each. My parents couldn’t believe how two kids could be so different. Thus, these writers concluded, the Soviet mission was to help Africans realize that the only cure for their social, economic and political problems was the unification of a working class against the bourgeois, Western capitalists; the Soviet duty was to help the continent, whose economy relied almost entirely on agriculture, to develop its industrial sector. [24] These historians believed that African countries were faced with two choices, capitalism or socialism, and that because of their long, devastating experience with imperialism, they would choose the social and economic benefits of socialism.
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As a result, Rakhuba says, each of these nations now has its own set of issues relating to religious freedom today. SNIE 11-16-88, Soviet Policy During the Next Phase of Arms Control in Europe, November 1988 (Document 12), which appeared on the eve of the Gorbachev speech, concluded that the Kremlin had substantial political, military, and economic motives to engage in conventional force reduction talks; but it also observed that Moscow would prefer "mutual" reductions in order to maintain the Warsaw Pact's numerical advantage.
Read Russia's December 2011 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications PDF

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Putin, we are told, is behaving much in the manner of Adolf Hitler toward Czechoslovakia and Austria in the 1930s. Stalin also fomented political paranoia, and conducted the Great Purge to remove opponents of his from the Communist Party through the mass arbitrary arrest of many people (military leaders, Communist Party members, and ordinary citizens alike) who were then sent to correctional labor camps or sentenced to death.

Download The New Russian Diplomacy PDF

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They prevented signing of the above mentioned agreement on 20th August 1991. After so many years, it has no impact.” Said Dennis in a 1995 lecture on Exodus 2, “I live at the Souplantation. Also, the cost of maintaining the Soviet Union, as a superpower was huge. You must disable the application while logging in or check with your system administrator. This is why Black Widow was Retconned into possessing slowed aging. Typically, the state administration directed its economic and administrative support to organizations such as artels, and did not contribute resources to more open and integrative mechanisms of vocational rehabilitation and employment.
Download online BETWEEN WAR AND PEACE PDF, azw (Kindle)

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So without Lend Lease, the Soviet timetable would have suffered delays, meaning the Red Army would take longer to reach Berlin. Osama bin Laden has never shown much interest in atwo-state solution. Foreign debt has decreased to 39 percent of GDP, mainly due to decreasing state debt, although commercial debt to foreigners has risen strongly. I first learned of Femen through the many YouTube videos of their actions protesting everything from private CEO gatherings at Davos meetings to the recent Euro Cup in Kiev, Ukraine (Femen says that large sporting events attract sex trafficking and sex tourism).